Independence is seen as a right and as a value. The belief of Independence refers to the state of a country as well as an individual. Independence is freedom from a controlling influence. The way Countries or Nations obtain their Independence is usualy through war. The 17th February of 2008, Kosovo became the 195 independent Nation States in the world but this achievement was a long process. In 1776, United States signed the Declaration of Independence to cease its colonization. For an individual, the belief of independence is more abstract. People seek to become more independent because it echoes power. The more they gain independence the more they gain freedom. Freedom is a result of independence.
However, nobody can pretend to be totally independent. Some people live in autarchy and try to push as strongly as possible their independence, but nobody can be independent unless if he does not have any needs. This fact is relevant for a country as well because every country has its strengths and weaknesses and searches the right balance between exportation and importation in order to trade without becoming dependent upon another country and be abused by its power.
Entire independence is not a goal because human beings need to live in society and support each other. Nobody can claim a perfect independence because it would lead to loneliness and seclusion. Some people need more independence than others, and the right balance should be considered individually. Human beings should estimate for themselves their own need of independence. Moreover, an isolated independence cannot exist because we need other people for communicating and for creating the symbol of independence itself. To acquire independence, we need to be within the world and participate in its building. The belief of independence is difficult to define because it is filled full of paradoxes.
Some studies reveal that the middle or upper class parents try to increase the concept of independence for their children while the working class prefers to keep the control and the obedience of them. Parents who value independence make possible the mobility of their children.
Independence is valued differently according to cultures. For example, in the United-States, the capitalist society encourages independence and individuality. In Europe, societies are more collectivist, but they still value strongly the belief of independence. On the contrary in China, the socialist society encourages cooperation and proximity. People are educated with the traditional idea that they cannot evolve alone and individuals do not succeed without the group.
Most societies still promote the value of independence. However, women suffer from sex- segregation, low salary, and lack of respect. In Muslim nations, the level of independence is very low and women are relegated in the background. A study reveals that in Iran, women tend to gain more education in high school and in college. This fact marks a step forward and a hope to the improvement of women’s condition in this country and in general. Education is the first process to have the possibility being independent. Financial advantages, power and capacities for thinking are often the consequences of a good education and allow independence.
Selbstandigkeit, bewusst angenommene Abhangihkeit: Zeitschrifft fur Gerontalongie und Geriatrie ( August 2005) p273 (15) :A.Kruse
L’independance philosophique : http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Oracle/8541/JASPERS4.html?20088